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Show Dates: 21 - 23 January, 2018
Time: 09:00 AM - 05:00 PM
Venue: Dubai World Trade Center, UAE
Location: Hall 7 - 8, Stand G12

Show Dates: 21 - 23 January, 2018
Time: 09:00 AM - 05:00 PM
Venue: Dubai World Trade Center, UAE
Location: Hall 7 - 8, Stand G12

Show Dates: 21 - 23 January, 2018
Time: 09:00 AM - 05:00 PM
Venue: Dubai World Trade Center, UAE
Location: Hall 7 - 8, Stand G12

The leading Trade Fair for Security, Safety & Fire ProtectionRead More
Global Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Market Analysis 2011-2017 and Forecast 2018-2023Read More
An up-to-date research has been disclosed by Questale highlighting the EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Mask segment. The report deep dives into the dynamics of EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Mask providing useful and unique insights. The information is shared in a precise and structured manner, giving executives and leaders an accurate picture of the upcoming market movement. The document utilizes a number of monographs, pie charts and bar-graphs to provide data which can be used to derive the latest trends in the industry. The report is also divided according to usage wherever applicable, including (but not limited to) FnB, FMCG, Minerals, Electronics, Pharma, Polymers etc. All these details are available for all major countries and associations – APCA, EMEA, United States. Other locations can be included in the report on demand.

The document includes present industry magnitude of EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Mask and the movement since past 5-10 years. Moreover, the list of major companies/competitors is also present including 3M , Honeywell , Kimberly-clark . The competition data allows users to gauge their current position against the market and take corrective measures to increase or maintain their share holds. Furthermore, details regarding the supply chain, manufacturers, distributors are also included in the report.

Research Focused on EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Mask Market Report 2018

The document contains a comprehensive description of all the firms in question. The necessary details for the companies in EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Mask , such as revenue, % share, supplier information, images of products are provided as well. Some of the known key players in the market are 3M , Honeywell , Kimberly-clark . It is expected that the industry will continue to develop in a swift manner with new competition trying to capture the share of the pie. Given the industry regulations, international government policies, state-of-the-art innovations – the competition would be fierce for all the participants.

The fragmentation is provided on the basis of Mask with Exhalation Valve , Mask without Exhalation Valve , . Additionally, the application wise division provides the data according to Anticipated industry growth details are provided along with the CAGR where applicable.

The report also demonstrates region wise data for geographies like:

Key points of the EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Mask market report:

** Proper market environment investigation
** Concrete valuation market projection
** Multi-level Industry subdivision
** Upcoming technological advancements in market
** Evolving local segments and regional markets
** Past, current, and future magnitude of the market according to net worth and total capacity
** Market shares of key competitors
** Expert advice for executives to make an impact in the industry

Following queries are addressed in the document – EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Mask Market Report 2018

** What is the expected industry size of EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Mask market in 2022?
** Expected rate of growth to reach the potential?
** What are the major market trends?
** Major drivers for EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Mask market?
** Prominent distributors/suppliers in EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Mask market?
** Upcoming challenges for EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Mask market?




On May 4, 2015, OSHA replaced a training-only requirement for confined space work in construction with a more comprehensive standard that includes a permit program and training requirements. The new standard became effective August 3, 2015. On January 6, 2016, OSHA announced that it would not issue citations under the standard to residential construction if the employer is making good faith efforts to comply with the training requirements of the standard.

Violation case study

On a sunny day in Key Largo, Florida, a utility worker removed a manhole cover and descended into a 15-foot-deep drainage hole that was just wide enough to accommodate him, unaware that years of rotting vegetation had filled the hole with a toxic brew of hydrogen sulfide and methane gas and had also left oxygen levels low. When a co-worker stopped hearing sounds from below, he realized that the man was in trouble and quickly followed him into the hole. So did a third worker. None of them wore respiratory protection. Neither did the firefighter who attempted to save the men after arriving on the scene, because an air tank would not have allowed him to fit into the hole. Other firefighters – wearing protective gear – were eventually able to pull the men out of the cramped space. The three utility workers died. The firefighter was hospitalized in critical condition, but survived. Three sheriff’s deputies who were exposed to the dangerous fumes were also taken to a local hospital for treatment.

Key compliance requirements

** Before work at a site begins, a competent person must identify all confined spaces and permit-required spaces.
** Employees must be informed about the permit spaces through signage or other means.
** The internal atmosphere must be tested.
** Workers must be provided personal protective equipment when engineering and work practice controls do not adequately control hazards.
** Workers must be trained about the hazards.
** Employers must ensure that properly trained rescue and emergency services are available before entry into permit-required confined spaces.

Why this standard is important

Construction workers often perform tasks in confined spaces, which are large enough for an employee to enter but have limited means of entry or exit and are not designed for continuous occupancy. People working in confined spaces face life-threatening physical and atmospheric hazards including toxic substances, electrocutions, explosions, and asphyxiation - hazards that can be avoided if they are recognized and addressed prior to entering these spaces to perform work.


The National Fire Protection Association® 70E® standard covers most workplace activities related to electrical energy or equipment. The 2018 edition continues to focus on risk assessment and introduces human factors, such as human error, as part of the assessment. Emphasis is now placed on the hierarchy of risk controls methods: 1) Elimination; 2) Substitution; 3) Engineering controls; 4) Awareness; 5) PPE.

Major exceptions are vehicles, such as ships, aircraft, and railway rolling stock; railway electrical systems used exclusively for the operation of rolling stock or installations, or used exclusively for signaling and communications; communications equipment, under the exclusive control of communications utilities, and located outdoors or in buildings used exclusively for such installations; and certain electrical installations under the exclusive control of an electric utility.

Why this standard is important

NFPA 70E responds to the latest information about the effects of arc flash, arc blast, and direct current (dc) hazards, and recent developments in electrical design and personal protective equipment (PPE). It provides vital information that helps you comply with OSHA 1910 Subpart S and OSHA 1926 Subpart K.

If you're responsible for ensuring workers are protected from shock and arc flash hazards, use the 2018 edition of NFPA 70E along with NFPA 70®: National Electrical Code® (NEC®) and NFPA 70B: Electrical Equipment Maintenance.

Article 110 of NFPA 70E identifies the general requirements for electrical safety-related work practices. One major requirement is performing a risk assessment before any work is started to identify the process to be used by the employee to identify hazards, assess risks and implement risk control according to the hierarchy of risk control methods. The procedure must address the potential for human error and its negative consequences on people, processes, the work environment and equipment.

These assessments must identify the hazards, estimate the likelihood of the occurrence and potential severity of injury or damage to health and determine if additional protective measures are required, including the use of personal protective equipment (PPE).

The electrical safety program must include elements to investigate electrical incidents.

Key requirements

Far too many to list in detail here. Purchase NFPA 70E® at www.nfpa.org. NFPA 70E defines work practices that protect workers from electrical hazards, including arc flash hazards, during the inspection, operation, and maintenance of electrical equipment. NFPA 70E also specifies safe work practices for employees who may not be directly working on electrical equipment, but who are performing work that might expose them to electrical hazards.

Article 110 also addresses the potential for human error and its negative consequences on people, processes, the work environment and equipment; and Job Safety Planning and Job Briefing.

Article 120 requires employers to establish, document, and implement a lockout/tagout program and specify lockout/tagout procedures to safeguard workers from exposure to electrical hazards.

Article 130 of the standard specifically addresses work involving electrical hazards and covers any work condition that requires an electrically safe work condition; and any work involving safety-related work practices, assessments, precautions, and procedures when an electrically safe work condition cannot be established. To quantify the risk present in the covered work, NFPA 70E-2018 identifies two assessments that must be done for each affected electrical equipment piece: Shock Risk Assessment and Arc Flash Risk Assessment. They must identify the hazard, estimate the likelihood of occurrence of injury or damage to health and the potential severity of injury or damage to health; and determine if additional protective measures are required, including the use of PPE.

If likelihood does exist (designated as a yes response in the table) appropriate arc flash PPE must be determined by one of two methods: Incident energy analysis method or Arc flash PPE category method. One or the other method must be used, but not both on the same piece of electrical equipment.


Qualified Person: NFPA 70E defines a qualified person as someone who has the skills and knowledge to work on electrical equipment, and who has received the training to identify and avoid the associated hazards. An unqualified person does not have these skills, knowledge, or training. Because different equipment may pose different hazards, and different tasks may require different skills, it's possible for a given worker to be "qualified" for one job and "unqualified" for another.

Labels: NFPA 70E requires equipment owners to apply detailed and informative labels to any electrical equipment that is likely to require adjustment or maintenance while energized. Labels must include nominal system voltage; arc flash boundary; at least one of the following: 1) the available incident energy and corresponding working distance, or 2) the arc flash PPE category for the equipment as listed in tables in the standard, but not both; minimum arc rating of clothing; and site-specific level of PPE.

Training: There is no single requirement for workers to be trained on the entire NFPA 70E standard. Instead, a recurring theme in the standard is that workers need to have specific training for the tasks they will perform.

If a task involves electrical hazards, only a qualified person should be allowed to do that work. To be qualified, the worker needs specific training that will allow him to perform the work safely. That training will include recognition of hazards, appropriate work procedures, and the proper use of protective equipment (including lockout/tagout equipment as well as PPE).

Does OSHA require compliance with NFPA 70E?

In specific terms, no. NFPA 70E is a national consensus safety standard published by NFPA primarily to assist OSHA in preparing electrical safety standards. Federal OSHA has not incorporated it into the CFRs. But OSHA often refers to accepted industrial practices for certain work, and NFPA 70E is a widely-accepted and respected standard for safe electrical work practices. If OSHA determines that compliance with the 70E electrical safety standard would have prevented or lessened the injury, OSHA may cite the employer under the General Duty Clause. In a 2003 standards interpretation letter, OSHA stated the 70E electrical safety standard can be used as evidence of whether the employer acted reasonably.


Originally developed at OSHA's request, the first edition of NFPA 70E was published in 1979 and contained installation safety requirements borrowed from the National Electric Code. In 1981, safety-related work practice requirements were added. In 1995, “limits of approach” and “arc flash” concepts were introduced. Throughout the 1990s and 2000s the emphasis was on arc flash PPE requirements. With the 2015 edition, the focus began to shift from PPE requirements to the employer’s duty to create a comprehensive electrical safety program and integrating it into their occupational health and safety management system.


Imagine you’re an experienced electrician. You’ve been working on energized power lines for years — so long, in fact, that you could practically do it in your sleep. And never once have you encountered an electric arc flash. So, over time, you start to get more lax about your arc-rated (AR), flame-resistant (FR) clothing. Maybe you decide to go against protocol and push up your sleeves, leaving your skin exposed. Or worse, maybe you don’t even bother with AR workwear at all.

Normalization of deviance — in other words, the tendency for behaviors that were once considered unacceptable to become commonplace and seemingly permissible — is common across a variety of industries and work situations. In the best-case scenario, normalization of deviance goes against recommended work practices, but when it comes to safety, this common human tendency can have devastating consequences.

Understanding the problem

Accidents will happen, and injuries will occur, if basic safety precautions aren’t taken and proper PPE isn’t worn. This is particularly true if these habits become a culture in your work environment. Newer workers may see veterans skip the use of PPE and think they can do the same.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, more than 16,000 industrial injuries due to thermal burns were reported for the year 2013. And from 2000 to 2013, nearly 2,300 workers died as a result of injuries sustained in an industrial fire or explosion. So if skipping FR clothing becomes commonplace as a result of normalization of deviance, it's only a matter of time before someone gets hurt.

Normalization of deviance is a product of complacency. As tasks become common and repetitive, workers often begin to ignore basic safety protocols and PPE. They may recognize a hazard exists, but because they’ve performed the task many times without an accident and putting on the proper PPE is either time-consuming or inconvenient, it is tempting for them not to bother.

And when there are multiple hazards involved, the situation becomes even more complicated. For instance, workers may wear clothing that offers protection from a fire hazard, but then not take the extra step to add PPE for chemical splash. If multiple garments are necessary for protection, it is all too easy to skip or forget a layer.

A costly issue

In addition to the potential for a life-altering injury or even death, worker complacency can lead to serious financial consequences, particularly when it comes to injuries from thermal or chemical burns. A single burn injury can cost a company millions of dollars in hospital fees, OSHA fines, increased insurance premiums, legal costs and lost productivity.

For example, according to the American Burn Association, the average duration of a hospital stay for a survivor with 40-60 percent body burn is 54 days, and the average cost of the stay is $780,000. OSHA fines can be equally costly, if not more so. In 2012, two employees were severely burned when an industrial filter cartridge ignited, causing an explosion. Their employer received two OSHA PPE-related citations, and the proposed fines amounted to $325,710. In another incident in 2005, 13 employees were injured in an explosion and seven were hospitalized and treated for burns. In this case, penalties amounted to $21,156,500. And in terms of legal costs, a study conducted by the Vanderbilt University Law School found that the average settlement or award in burn injury cases equaled $827,506.

Normalization of deviance is a serious problem — but fortunately, strategic PPE selection can go a long way toward combatting it.

PPE solutions

There are two factors in PPE selection that can significantly help overcome normalization of deviance: addressing multiple hazards with a single garment and improving comfort.

The more layers of clothing workers have to put on for proper protection, the less likely they are to have the right PPE when they need it. Sometimes this is due to complacency, but it can also be due to innocent confusion or forgetfulness. Regardless of the cause, a simple solution is to look for workwear that combines protection against multiple hazards into a single PPE product.

Even if workers have access to a convenient garment that addresses multiple hazards, if it is uncomfortable, they still may not wear it correctly. To help increase the likelihood that protective apparel is worn consistently and correctly, look for options that fit well, offer good breathability, wick moisture, allow for ease of movement and are made from high-quality fabrics.

When selecting PPE that offers comfort and multi-hazard protection, it is important to remember that high-quality PPE is a long-term investment. Over time, the better-quality PPE pays for itself — both because it lasts longer and because of its ability to prevent normalization of deviance.

Using FR/CP (CP - chemical splash protection) products can cost much less than a single thermal or chemical burn injury. As an example, due to one clothing fire incident, a large university saw its 10-year total cost of injuries rise from $248,000 to $12,900,300, which translates to a change of $43 to $2,209 per chemist. The use of a $100 to $175 FR lab coat could have significantly minimized the injury and associated costs.

Creating a culture of safety, enforcing rules regarding the use of PPE, and providing PPE that is both comfortable to wear and protective against multiple hazards can make a huge impact in addressing normalization of deviance. Mistakes and human error are never completely preventable, but choosing the right PPE helps eliminate avoidable negligence and maximize safety.


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